Semantics and Pragmatics 2023-01-05T08:38:38-08:00 Louise McNally & Kjell Johan Sæbø Open Journal Systems <p>Semantics and Pragmatics, founded in 2007 and first published in 2008, is a Diamond Open Access journal published by the Linguistic Society of America.</p> A semantic universal for modality 2022-10-08T00:03:47-07:00 Shane Steinert-Threlkeld Nathaniel Imel Qingxia Guo <p>This paper articulates a new semantic universal for modal expressions in natural language, dubbed the Independence of Force and Flavor (IFF). This property accommodates counterexamples to Nauze 2008’s proposed universal from variable-force variable-flavor modals (Bochnak 2015a,b) and attitude verbs (Močnik &amp; Abramovitz 2019), while still ruling out unattested modals. It may also be seen as a form of convexity applied to modals.</p> <p>EARLY ACCESS</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Shane Steinert-Threlkeld, Nathaniel Imel, Qingxia Guo